Monthly Mentor

Nan Williams (August)
After 40 years of teaching that includes public schools at all levels, and service as longtime Adjunct Faculty in art education and Intern Coordinator at the University of Central Florida, Nan Williams continues to promote arts education. Graduate work at Eastman School of Music, many years as a university scenic designer, the teaching of music, theatre, art and humanities, and service in arts organizations, all represent lifelong arts advocacy. She is a former President of the Florida Art Education Association, member of the National Art Education Education Board of Directors, and is a frequent conference presenter and writer for curriculum and advocacy publications. Among other awards, she received the National Emeritus Art Educator, National Elementary Art Educator and Southeastern Art Educator awards from NAEA, and the Career Service Award and Florida Art Teacher of the Year from FAEA, For UCF, the Nan Parker Williams Scholarship was endowed by former student Gordon Goede.



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Tuesday 08. 4.15

Problems? Opportunities (continued)

From: Nan Williams

Each disaster I described had a positive result that I attribute to arts thinking. Outcomes?

The art festival hurricane fiasco? It resulted in a special award.

The ridiculous budget? It taught me how to economize, and led to national recognition for a “found materials” study. I figured out how to do a complete 2D / 3D art program without water, and learned to substitute phone books for paper towels, for example. I also learned that limited budgets don't have to mean limited results.

1_Arts & ActivitiesArts and Activities cover

The teachers’ lounge? Beginning with simple paper weaving, we included all types of fiber arts and related studies in math (pattern), science (dyes), geography (fiber sources), world cultures and beliefs, symbolism and more, resulting in a grant called “Ties That Bind” that provided generous funding.

2_paper weavingPaper weaving

3_weavingsStudent weavings             

And I learned that K-5 students can sustain a single study for a year with excitement, not boredom.  Because everyone was immersed in various fiber arts, set-up was simplified.

The hurricane conference? The nearby academic group packed up and left. Arts folks enjoyed the challenge: “We’ll make it work!” And this became our favorite memory.

Landing in an elementary art room with no training? I turned to NAEA and the great gods of art education. I’d teach by day and read by night. If a process seemed too cumbersome or painful, I learned to simplify and adjust, and became somewhat obsessed with making everything as efficient as possible. (I’m often surprised at how teachers make tasks so complicated.)

From the trenches, we often look with longing at folks like administrators, legislators and other leaders, who seem cuddly and well supplied in their fancy offices. They can take restroom breaks whenever they want. They might even have secretaries. They may get to go out to lunch. They can talk on the phone anytime. They don't have kids sneezing in their faces. They might even have their offices cleaned every day. They don't need to beg to get copies made. They don't have to stand up all day. I once eagerly sat down to watch a TV program on time management, and the first thing the guy did was to sit casually on the edge of his large, elegant desk and say, "Well, first you need to get your secretary (!!!) to block out a couple of hours when you will not be disturbed." I turned off the program.


But I don’t want to be too hard on anyone. Legislators, administrators, parents, teachers, students, custodians, teacher trainers, test makers, curriculum writers, and countless others, all have demanding jobs, but very different points of view. That’s one reason why solutions in education are so fleeting. Yet all have a need for arts thinking that sets the stage for solving every kind of problem as we fly into the future.

Copyright © 2015 Nan Williams

Saturday 08. 1.15

Problems? Opportunities

From: Nan Williams

Without warning, folks with jackhammers came in to break up the concrete floor. Have you ever tried to talk to second graders during a jackhammer concert?

As my observation was about to begin a student barfed all over her group’s table.

During prep for a major art festival, a hurricane demolished our display and sent work flying down the railroad track. Recovery meant working 36 hours straight.

1Festival display


The budget to begin an art program at my inner city school was .18 per student for the year. After 30 years, it was up to .65. And for the first 20 years, I had no water.

Summers were dangerous. Our glorious mural was painted over, a special weaving was trashed, and termites ate art supplies.


When the principal was obliged by law to use my art room for the gifted program of 12 students. He offered the newly decorated teachers’ lounge for my 750 students, but I couldn’t do anything wet or messy! 

So what in the world did I get into, when fresh from a career as a university scene designer, I was asked to sub in an elementary art class for a month. I’d never planned to be an art teacher; I’d never interned or had education classes.  

4Scene design – Madwoman

A state art conference was interrupted for 17 hours by a hurricane.  

There were never any funds for professional travel, even to receive a national award, and I had to take personal leave for convention duties while serving on NAEA’s Board of Directors.

Sound familiar? Of course teachers often struggle with day-to-day challenges that can seem frustrating, hilarious, unnecessary, and… (fill in the blank). When in survival mode, teachers in the trenches need strategies in problem solving, humor, and big-picture arts thinking that feed our passion, perspective and optimism. Educators, especially arts teachers, want all to know that what we do is not only important, but essential for the progress of our students. A fresh outlook can turn problems into opportunities for our growth and joy, and for a strong and relevant message to students, teachers, parents, administrators, and community. It’s not always easy, but the possibilities are delicious!

It’s quite an honor to be a Monthly Mentor, especially since I’ve so enjoyed reading the column. Next time, I’ll show how seeming problems turned into moments of joy and triumph. Any ideas to share?  

Copyright © 2015 Nan Williams

Wednesday 07.29.15

Professional Development

From: Kirby Meng

I want to start this final blog post by thanking NAEA for the opportunity to be the Monthly Mentor for July. I have thoroughly enjoyed the whole process and appreciate the participation of the readers so much. We all learn from one another and sharing what works for you could make a real difference in someone else’s classroom.


This final post finds me back to school. I know that is hard for some of you to believe, but our teachers started this week and our students return on Monday, August 3. I am in a new position this year as a Fine Arts teacher on Special Assignment (FA TOSA) and my new responsibilities center around support for all of the art teachers in our 48 schools. This is an exciting new position in our district as it will give art teachers someone to turn to with art specific questions and another person to advocate for them and their programs at the county level. One of my main responsibilities will be to plan and provide professional development for all of the art teachers. At our first meeting today, I reminded all of our teachers that they are professional art educators and, as such, should belong to their professional association. The doctors, lawyers, accountants and other professionals that we depend upon wouldn’t think of NOT joining their professional associations! NAEA and the state art education associations offer a myriad of opportunities for members to grow and be a part of the professional community. There is really something to fit each person whether you prefer webinars, face to face meetings, reading and responding to blog posts, or simply looking through the site to view position statements and read the NAHS News! Membership is a bargain when you look at all of the content and opportunity it provides.


I want to touch on one specific aspect of membership in NAEA and Georgia Art Education Association (for me) that has made my teaching career so much richer and more meaningful and that is the opportunity for leadership. I’ve noticed that art teachers are frequently overlooked for school level leadership positions, no matter their level of expertise and capacity to lead. I was afforded the chance to take on a leadership role in GAEA when I moved back to Georgia as a district president and then as Youth Art Month co-chair. Involvement in the organization made me want to stay involved and led to other positions including conference chair and president and all of that led me to want to become more involved in NAEA as well. Members nominate other members and the membership votes; with very few exceptions, anyone can run for an office, and most committee positions change every 2-3 years. For those who aren’t sure they have the right stuff just yet, there are regional summer retreats that are open to all as well as the new NAEA School for Art Leaders leadership development program that can help develop the leader inside us all. Next year’s convention March 17-19 in Chicago is entitled “Lead! Share your Vision for Art Education” and will be another great chance to grow professionally.  You can be sure that Dr. Reeve and the Reston staff are already working on more opportunities to help us grow and develop as leaders!  


I hope that you will consider serving on the board of your state art education association if you haven’t already and if you have, I hope you will consider a regional or national leadership role. If you aren’t interested on serving on the board of directors, let someone know what your interests are: research, policy, technology? There are many ways to serve and room for many to be involved at the state and national level. My involvement in GAEA and NAEA has informed my practice, given me a wonderful and diverse group of friends and associates (that grows each year) from across the country and has helped me in aspects of my life beyond teaching. I can’t imagine what my life would be like if I had not gotten involved.


Whenever you start back to school, I wish you all the best and many, many awesome art teaching days this year. You make a huge difference in student’s lives and you are important to them; let them know how important they are to you!

Thank you again for spending a little time with me in July!

Monday 07.20.15

Student Teaching

From: Kirby Meng

Recently a colleague who will have a student teacher this fall asked me what I thought the most important things to learn during student teaching were. I have to admit, although I have had many student teachers, I never stopped to make note of the “most important” things, probably because I think everything is important! I spent some time reflecting and I thought this might be a good space to share my thoughts! Student teachers come from all walks, some come very well prepared from college programs and others might be entering teaching as a second career or by an alternate route, so what they know coming in will vary a great deal. No matter how you arrive at the job of art teacher, there is no substitute for the experiences you will have student teaching and then in your own classroom! Of course new teachers will always need to know the policies and procedures for their specific county and school. The ideas below are directed at an Art teacher in general.


First on my list is classroom management! It is so important to have procedures for entering the room, where to sit, asking questions, etc. Students learn the rules and procedures very quickly when we are consistent in our behavior. I have also found that students like those boundaries, it makes them feel safe and free to create! A very close second to this for me is materials management which is extremely important in the art classroom. Again, the students appreciate a system and are a huge help once you have them trained! I like to have all of my materials ready for the day in the morning because there is never enough time between classes. Of course this isn’t always possible, but I like to be as prepared as I can. I use lots of plastic boxes to contain sets of supplies for various mediums that I can just sit on each table and then take up at the end of class when changing course or grade level.


Along this same line, it is great to share any organizational tips you may have with new or student teachers like how to keep up with several hundred portfolios over 180 days! One of my favorite tips for elementary classrooms is to have a sharpened pencil basket and a dull pencil basket. Student helpers check the pencils at their table when they come in each class period and they exchange dull pencils for sharpened ones instead of everyone getting up to use the sharpener! It keeps things a little quieter during the day and cuts down on lost time. Students usually ask if they can come and sharpen the dull ones before school, which they love, and it means I am free to work on other things.


The next two things that come to mind are fairly closely related I think. One is to show how to differentiate for ability as well as for interest and the other is to allow for choice and creativity on assignments without creating chaos. New teachers don’t always have experience in varying their instruction to reach all students and may not have created lessons in the past that can be done at a variety of levels instead of having to completely change the assignment. Differentiation is not just for a slower learner, we also need to find ways to elevate the art experiences for those who learn more quickly or finish faster than others. This is one of the ways that choice and creativity come into play. Allowing students to choose between more structured assignments with more step by step instructions or to choose to take the assignment in another direction can help to encourage creativity. Some students need more parameters than others and some students work best with limits on what they can do or use. It actually encourages creativity in many cases!

There are so many other things to include but I will close with this. Have fun and make art every class period! Even on day one, keep the rules and procedures short, they will learn them all in a few weeks regardless and what they really want to do is make art, especially paint and work with clay!! Embrace the energy and enthusiasm of the students and enjoy having the best job in the world!

What do you think are the most important things for student teachers to learn? If you are starting student teaching in the fall, with what do you think you need the most help?

Monday 07.13.15

Sketchbooks and Visual Verbal Journals

From: Kirby Meng

Most art teachers have students work in a sketchbook or Visual Verbal Journal (VVJ) each week and I would say we are all looking for students to try new things, reach out and “be creative”! Over the years, I have tried a number of different prompts to encourage the students to think and look at things in new ways. While none of my approaches has resulted in everyone completing fabulous sketchbook entries, some have worked better than others.

One way I have tired, as I think most art teachers have, is to give students a list of hundreds of prompts and let them choose which one to use each week. This has led to some very creative ideas, but more often they are literal interpretations of a word, phrase or prompt such as: “ripped”, “when I was 5…”, or “imagine you had an octopus for a pet”. I thought the freedom to choose would really help them open up and do something very different, but that hasn’t happened often. Another way that I have had student’s complete sketchbooks or VVJs is to give them something that they have to incorporate into their entry for the week. It could be a paperclip, a piece of lace, or even a mark I make randomly with ink and a bamboo brush. Students really seem to enjoy playing with the object, turning it in different ways, bending, unbending, and manipulating whatever they have to work with until they find inspiration. These entries are almost always very creative. Students are also learning to transform the object which is a helpful creative tool. In some of my classes, students use the sketchbook as a way to explain process or show me that they understand a concept, such as how to build a slab pot or how to use the elements and principles to create. They do a great job with this and it is a good quick assessment tool to see if there are things we need to go over again.

A fourth way that I have tried to keep the VVJ experience fresh for my students is to start the year by collecting a number of nouns and adjectives from the students. Then we choose one noun and two adjectives from a basket and that becomes the prompt for their first entry. We usually end up with something silly like Sassy- Polka dotted –Elephant. The students have great fun illustrating that first prompt and when they come to class on Friday, everyone places their sketchbook on the tables and the whole class walks around and “votes” for their favorite by standing by it. Once everyone has found a favorite, we count and declare a winner for the week. The winner then chooses the topic for the class for the following week. Maybe it is the fact that we all look at them all each week, instead of just the teacher, or maybe it is because the students come up with original contemporary ideas that they are interested in, but I find my students are very creative with this activity.

I have one additional observation about sketchbooks/VVJs. Students frequently think they are doing them for me. Once I help them understand that they are not doing them for me, but doing them for themselves, they begin to do much better, and much more creative work! At this point, they don’t need a prompt from me, they work in their sketchbooks constantly to develop their ideas and they are very creative!

Do you have your students keep a sketchbook or VVJ? What types of prompts do you give, or do you let them choose for themselves?

Monday 07. 6.15


From: Kirby Meng defines the word creativity this way:

1. the state or quality of being creative.
2. the ability to transcend traditional ideas, rules, patterns, relationships, or the like, and to create meaningful new ideas, forms, methods, interpretations, etc.; originality, progressiveness, or imagination:
3. the process by which one utilizes creative ability:

In my last blogpost, I talked about “thinking” in class and the fact that because we have so little class time, we really need to be able to spend that time working on the creative ideas we have already thought up! This idea and creativity are tied closely to each other I believe. Creativity is not something you can turn on when you walk in the art room at 11:10 each day. It is however, something that all art teachers from kindergarten through college want to see from their students.


What stifles creativity? I think the number one thing that stifles creativity is the fear of failure. We all, especially high school students want to be successful. Realistically we should expect failure because we are pushing boundaries and trying new things. Many creative endeavors end when they run into some unexpected turn that seems to make the project not “work” anymore. When looked at in another way, what has happened is actually an opportunity for the project to take another direction and become even more creative.


How do we encourage creativity? As a classroom teacher it is sometimes hard to set up conditions for creativity to thrive. Creative work can bring into play unorthodox materials and methods, a different use of time and space or an idea that doesn’t even resemble the original assignment. As an educator we need to support students in their creative efforts. We can do this by allowing them freedom, listening to their ideas and providing as much support as possible towards making their work successful. This might mean stepping in when they think the project has failed and helping the student see it in a different way and keep going, or appreciate the experience with the process or occasionally just put it behind them and move on. The more chances they take, the more they unlock their creative potential! How do you set up conditions for your students to be creative?

Wednesday 07. 1.15

“Thinking” in Class

From: Kirby Meng

I have found that students are sometimes stressed by some of the other classes that they take when they come to the Art room; it takes them a few minutes to decompress enough to be able to even determine where to begin. To encourage this, I have students come into the room and get their work out, get their supplies together, and get settled while I walk around and talk to them and take the pulse of the class. Once they are all seated, we review the current assignment and standards as well as what is expected from them and about where they should be in the process.  If there are no questions, then everyone starts work and I am available to help students individually.


At this point, I sometimes see students sitting and not really working.  When asked what they are doing, they are inevitably “thinking”. I began jokingly telling them that they need to “think” on their own time because they need all their time to work in class! I see this more in my upper level classes where they are usually working on projects of their own design with fewer set parameters; they start at different times, work in different mediums, on different grounds and in different sizes. Sometimes an idea doesn’t instantly occur to a student and “thinking” ensues. The problem is, I have found that leaving students to think alone is often not very productive, because they don’t know what to think about! If they knew what to think about, they would have an idea for the project and would have begun work. Something I have found to be more effective is to go and think with them! I ask the students questions about what their current interests are, how large they want to work, what medium they are considering, etc. and their responses usually lead to at least a direction for exploration and thumbnail sketches.


While I always tell students about assignments in advance so that they can begin thinking and researching  to start the assignment and there are always resources in the room to help them find their direction, I realize that busy lives sometimes get in the way, and students hit roadblocks even with resources present! Stepping in and helping them “think”, or even having students “think” with each other has worked for me. Do you have similar experiences? If so, what do you do? 

Monday 06.29.15

Planning for the Best Year Ever

From: Janine Campbell

Before I get going with my last post for the month, I wanted to extend a huge thank you to NAEA and especially Linda Scott for facilitating this opportunity to share ideas about Art Education through such a forum. I am flattered to have been a part of this experience and look forward to following along as future mentors share their ideas and best practices so I can better my craft in the classroom.

Being better is something all teachers strive towards as they prepare for each upcoming school year. As I get ready for the 2015/16 year, I am thinking about how I want to transform learning for my students into positive enduring experiences that will follow them throughout their lives. Memories are made every year and I want each year to be the best one yet. Although last year is a tough one to top, I have some methods to help every year be the best one ever.


Leaving a Legacy: One thing that has propelled my classroom forward over the past several years is the opportunity to look beyond the current moment of learning. Instead of only focusing on short-sighted gains, my students and I have worked through a variety of media to leave a lasting legacy in our school and community that extends learning beyond a personal project in the classroom. Whether it has been transforming learning spaces around my classroom, creating class banners that hang in our cafeteria, an Empty Bowls program that gets kids working with clay on the first day of school and helping our local food bank, or public paintings that ask students to make their marks and see where it takes them, we have created a variety of legacy projects that students can come back to years from now and see the lasting impact they have made. In addition to these physical reminders of students over the years, using a blog and documenting the accomplishments of our program has also left a lasting chronicle of growth over time for both my students and me. If you would like to start a legacy project in your school, you can start by using similar tips from the last mentor post (start with the end in mind and build it over time). My hope for this year is to work with my students and school community to finally get that sculpture garden started. As is the case with any legacy project, it is important to get others involved like your building administrator and those in charge with building maintenance. You will find that the more people you bring into the process, the better the results and more impact you can have.


Outside Learning: Strong learning experiences involve moments that help bring objectives to life. Sometimes those moments happen in the classroom, but if you can offer opportunities for students to experience them in outside venues, it can have a lasting impact. One obvious way is through field trips to local museums, universities, or artist studios. When organizing a field trip, challenge students to take over and lead the group by researching the work they will see and presenting on it when arriving to the site. This is a great way to involve students in the experience and empower them with the opportunity to be leaders outside of the classroom. Another way to involve your students in outside learning is to bring those outside elements into your classroom. Artist visits, whether in person or via the internet can have a profound impact on how your students view the work they are making and career pathways. When involving an artist in your classroom, make sure to work through expectations for how they will interact with students prior to the visit. Whether you have a workshop or demonstration, allowing students to see professionals work and discuss their process offers valuable insight that can be used in art making decisions. The same is true when you bring in an artist through digital means. Whether you use Skype or connect via Twitter, offering students the opportunity to share their work with artists in the field and get authentic feedback can transform your classroom into a much larger venue. It also reinforces to students that their work matters and is being seen by a larger audience; both can have a lasting impact on a sense of purpose in the classroom.



Working with Purpose: This last point is something I have begun to focus on more and more over the past several years. When I first started out teaching, I focused on students learning skills I deemed important. It was very teacher-directed and resulted in very similar outcomes for students creating works that were heavily influenced by a specific artist or focused on demonstrating the understanding of the elements of art and principles of design. There is nothing wrong with that, but reflecting on my journey in education has helped me refocus my purpose for teaching and how I want to frame my classroom for students. Instead of having predetermined projects directed by me, I am working towards a more student-centered approach that offers them the choice to voice their interests using their unique approaches to materials. Instead of being a director conducting every student down the same journey, I am working towards empowering students with the skills and understanding to find their own creative pathways. My purpose in the classroom is to help cultivate artists in the classroom and their purpose as students is to create work that reflects and effectively communicates their point of view. As I prepare for the upcoming year, I am excited to share this sense of purpose with my students and see them elevate to excellence time and again. I would like to challenge you to think about the big picture instead of the daily grind; that will help you discover what purpose you want to have in your classroom. Once you find that, you can begin to work towards those goals with clear objectives and plans.

Although this post completes my time as the NAEA Monthly Mentor, you can still follow along in the artventures through my blog, classroom blog, and my Twitter account. In addition to regularly posting online, you can see me present in a variety of venues. I will be presenting at the K12online Conference and the Michigan Art Education Association Conference in October; I also plan to attend and present in March for both the Michigan Association of Computers Users in Learning as well as the National Art Education Association National Convention.

If you are interested in any of my presentations or would like me to come and present for your school or association, you can find more information on my website. I look forward to hearing from you and would love to know what plans you have to make 2015/16 the best year ever!

Please share ideas and comments below.

Friday 06.26.15

Transitioning to Technology Integration

From: Janine Campbell

This upcoming school year will mark the fourth year I have worked with a Learning Management System to put it all online. And when I say all, I mean all. Lesson plans, examples, presentations, quizzes, as well as the way students turn in their work has all been facilitated through online means; I use Schoology to facilitate this. My school is a 1:1 environment and students have access to their computers all day, everyday.

In order to make the most of this resource and to ensure it works in a Visual Arts classroom, here are three considerations as your classroom or school transitions to more technology integration.

Start with the end in mind: Backward design is nothing new. Art teachers do this naturally because we often start our work with an understanding of how we would like it to look in the end. This ability to visualize end results before starting is an advantageous tool to employ when deciding to put your class online. When starting, I was most concerned with students being able to access information when they were absent or need remediation. I was also focused on student publication through Artsonia ( and wanted students to be in charge of taking pictures and uploading the work on their own. Using online tools not only help students by empowering them with information and access to tools, it also gives me a chance to keep a pulse on learning by monitoring activity in a different way. Having a clear vision for how you want your class to work before you get started will help you select the right online tools and use them to build your model.


Build up to it: I have been using a blended method of instruction through technology for years. I did not arrive at my current method overnight. It started through the implementation of Artsonia, then the use of a website to keep resources and tools, and it has lead up to my current use of Schoology to organize all of those pieces in one place. I am not sure I would have been able to do all of it overnight, or even in one year. By selecting one or two tools each year to implement and building off of those experiences to introduce new tools and methods, I allowed myself the opportunity to explore ideas without being overwhelmed. There are so many different online platforms and tools to work with, do not feel like you have to learn them all at once. The key to making it work for your classroom is to give yourself the space to explore and adapt.

Have a backup plan: One thing you can guarantee about using technology in your classroom is that there will be a moment (or two, or three) it will not work. As planned as you may be as a teacher, the lesson you spent all weekend on may not work due to a network issue or blocked website. Having a backup plan is important. I would also recommend checking your posture towards any technology problems that arise. I strive to model appropriate calm behavior when something is not working because it is a life skill all students will have to learn as we become more and more dependent on a variety of technology tools. Teaching students how to behave in crisis is just as important as how we behave when all is well and can translate to almost any situation.

Technology has transformed my classroom into a more student-centered environment and has given me the opportunity to work with students in many new ways. Although I have enjoyed this transition, it is also important to regulate the ratio of screen time and hands-on work time you are giving students. I have a specific place in my classroom where computers are stored so that they are safe from messy materials like paint, clay, and the like. Giving students a clear space for how and when to use computers is just as important as any other material being used in the classroom.

And although new digital tools can be great, integration is not about the technology itself; it is about what you do with it. By having a clear vision and building up a strong pedagogy of how it can be used to push learning further, you and your students will find reward and success along the way.

How do you incorporate technology in your classroom? What are some ways you have made it work to best serve you and your students?

Monday 06.22.15

Pointers on Video Production

From: Janine Campbell

Years ago I started using video production as another art making tool in my classroom. Inspired by Elementary Art Teacher and friend Tricia Fuglestad, I put together materials and equipment to add this to the curriculum. I started by applying for several grants and a pilot program that allowed my students to create a whole host of videos for entertainment, to teach others, as well as reflect on their own learning. I have been using this tool in my classroom for the past 8 years and each year I find new and better ways to get students to think about storytelling through the moving image. Here are three things I recommend for successful video production in your classroom:


1. Focus on Process: In the Art Education community the debate of product versus process is one that can be argued at length. When it comes to video production, I find that the process makes way for the product and giving students tools to help them clearly plan can make all of the difference. When creating videos, I have students select their groups of no more than five to a group. Having students select their groups allows them to show their ability to make effective choices and I am trusting they will be able to handle it. Before students even pick their topic or theme for their videos (which can range depending on time of year and focus), they are given the six steps to film-making (Brainstorm, Script Writing, Storyboarding, Filming, Editing, Sharing) that have been compiled from a variety of sources as well as experience. When students have selected their topic, they are asked to brainstorm possible ideas about how they might tell their story. They think about possible characters, settings, as well as a basic story. Afterwards, students write out their script. They usually use Google Docs to share their script and work on it collaboratively. Even if there are no talking parts, they are asked to describe what is happening within the frame. Storyboarding follows this step; using the American Film Institute’s video to illustrate, students are made aware of a variety of important elements to composing their film before they get to work. They are also asked to use their storyboard as a key for creating a production schedule of what gets filmed when (since movies are rarely filmed in order). Once they have an idea of how the scenes will be framed, they use our video equipment (which includes 5 Canon PowerShot Cameras and tripods) as well as their own cell phones or even web-cams. In some cases students use Photoshop, or other means to create animations. To keep track of their progress, students make sure to cross off which scenes are filmed on their storyboards. After filming is complete, they edit it together using iMovie (although students have used Movie Maker and Adobe Premiere Elements) and then export it as a video file to share with the class. By having a clear process for students, they understand that there is more to movie making than just the final product and it allows them to prepare and adjust their plans as they work through the steps.


2. Give Students Control: I mentioned how I allow students not only to pick their topic for their videos, which can range from bullying to personal growth, but how I also allow them to select their group members. As a middle school teacher, both can sometimes be scary. I worry that my students will pick a topic that they cannot handle and I worry that my students will not pick partners that are the most conducive to being productive. Although I worry about these things, I have been proven wrong by students time and again. For the most part, students appreciate the trust that is offered when given choice over what they get to say and who they get to work with on the project and their work reflects that. In the end, no one wants to make a terrible movie and because they know their work is shared (not only in class but on our blog), they want it to be good and will put in the work do it. In addition, daily conferencing with groups and checking their progress through their production schedule (which is a calendar they create to keep track of what work needs to be completed by when) can also help keep them on track and ready to share the results with others.


3. Share the Results: One of the most important parts of my job as a Visual Arts teacher is showcasing the work of my students. Sharing student work is one I take seriously and do so through a variety of venues. When it comes to video production it can happen in a variety of ways. We will have a viewing party to celebrate the end result of a process that students worked through to get to their final videos. I will select several to showcase on our blog and highlight the process we worked through to get there. In addition, there are a variety of competitions student videos can be submitted to and be juried by professionals in the field. This last way of sharing allows students to get feedback from another set of eyes and in many cases can spur an interest in using art as a means to tell stories through moving pictures. An extra bit of incentive this year was the Michigan State Film Festival through DAFT.  One thing that made this competition so worth while was the direct feedback from the judges that allowed students to take their suggestions and use it when they get ready to make their next film. Another competition students can enter is The Scholastic Art Awards, which allows you to see previous winning work on their online gallery. When you share student work outside of your school, it reaffirms to students that their work matters. Make sure you have permission to post any work before you do so.

If you are interesting in adding this process to your classroom, there are many Art teachers out there doing all sorts of things with video. Do your research and find what might work best for you and your students. If you already do incorporate video production in the classroom, what has worked best for you? Please share your videos and resources below.