Monthly Mentor

Heather Kaplan (November)
Heather is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Art Education at University of Texas El Paso. She holds a BFA in Art and a BS and MS in Art Education from the Pennsylvania State University, teaching licensure in the state of Pennsylvania, and a Ph. D in Art Education from the Ohio State University. She is an artist, educator, and researcher. Heather has worked in the schools, museums, community education, early childhood education, and in higher education. As an artist Heather works primarily in ceramics but also enjoys other sculptural materials, drawing, and watercolor. Heather’s research focuses are studio art making and early childhood art education, and she considers her research to inform and be informed by her teaching and artistic practices. Click "GO" to read her full bio.

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Wednesday 11.15.17

Using Big Ideas in Art Education

From: Heather Kaplan

In our previous installment, we discussed the relationship and differences between VCAE and DBAE in order to think about and expand curricular possibilities for art educators. In this installment I will discuss another curricular approach, Big Ideas. Walker (2001) has written extensively about the possibility of using Big Ideas within art education but Big Ideas are not limited to the visual arts. In fact, one of the advantages of Big Ideas is their ability to reach 21st century learners, who are themselves arguably more connected than previous generations, and to create curriculum that is both interconnected and interdisciplinary.

In fact one the real advantages to studying Big Ideas is that it presumes a disposition of interconnectedness and connection making. Big Ideas are by definition, ideas are that BIG, in that they are large and overarching. This means that Big Ideas are bigger than one discipline (like math or art), and that the study of Big Ideas can be done either within a discipline or interdisciplinary and in a more holistic fashion-meaning that an entire grade or school could explore a big idea through its many curricular incarnations.

Walker (2001) claims, “Big ideas – broad, important human issues- are characterized by complexity, ambiguity, contradiction, and multiplicity… big ideas do not completely explicate an idea, but represent a host of concepts that form the idea.” (p. 1) Because Big Ideas are able to entertain ambiguity, contradiction, and multiplicity, curricula that use Big Ideas should aim to and will be able to entertain varied understandings and perspectives. Students engaged in this way will be able to, to some degree, direct their own learning, compare and contrast their perspectives against that of others, entertain multiple perspectives, and manage contradiction and ambiguity – skills that are preeminently needed today.

While Big Ideas can be adopted on a large scale (grade level or school-wide), Big Ideas can be effective at the classroom level as well. Walker champions the effectiveness of Big Ideas in art classroom curricula by making clear the professional (or discipline based) connection between ideas and artmaking. She claims that artists are not strangers to Big Ideas, stating  “Big ideas drive an artist’s artmaking over time.” (p. 2) Likewise, the educational resource and public television series Art 21 (Art in the 21st Century) claims that contemporary artists often do not work in a single medium in the ways they might have in previous generations, contemporary artists often work with and through ideas.

Walker helps elucidate how Big Ideas manifest in an artist’s work over time. She points out the difference between a Big Idea and a more pointed, discrete understanding of content. I like to share her example of Andy Warhol to help illustrate the difference. Let’s look closer: According to Walker the content or subject matter of Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup Can prints is the Campbell soup can; however, if we look at the artist’s larger oeuvre, or the entire body of his work, Big Ideas like “the denouncement of the sacred values and ideals of high art” (p. 3) and concepts such as reproduction and multiples, consumerism, and the consumption of fame emerge. While it may require a deeper understanding of art, artists, and meaning-making, studying Big Ideas creates students who are not only able to think deeply about the works they are creating, but it also creates dynamic thinkers who are able to wrestle with complexity, ambiguity, and contradiction in their thoughts and the thoughts of others.

For more curricular information about Big Ideas please check out the following links:

https://whatitmeansforart.wordpress.com/2014/08/21/big-ideas-1/

https://whatitmeansforart.wordpress.com/2014/08/27/big-idea-2/

https://whatitmeansforart.wordpress.com/2014/09/02/big-ideas-3/

https://whatitmeansforart.wordpress.com/2014/09/10/big-ideas-4/#more-169

https://art21.org/for-educators/tools-for-teaching/getting-started-an-introduction-to-teaching-with-contemporary-art/contemporary-approaches-to-teaching/

What's the Big Idea? - Missouri Alliance for Arts Education

https://www.mobap.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/The_Big_Idea.pdf

-HK

Walker, S. (2001). Teaching meaning in artmaking. Worchester, MA: Davis Publishing, Inc.

Tuesday 11. 7.17

VCAE: Opening Curricular Connections and Possibilities

From: Heather Kaplan

In our last installment I discussed the difference between the commonly taught elements and principles of design and a more generalized DBAE curriculum. In this post I will focus on the difference between DBAE and Visual Culture Art Education, in the hopes that this will open up ideas and possibilities for your art curricula. 

While DBAE is still the backbone of many formalized state art standards, VCAE is a more recent curricular theory that responds to historical and cultural changes of the postmodern era (Duncum 2015) and of contemporary art (i.e. after 1990). Although, it is arguable that VCAE is still quite similar to DBAE in that it does not displace the four professionalized domains of DBAE, in fact its adherence to this generalized structure is quite remarkable. I submit that, rather than displacing this professional system, VCAE merely shifts the emphasis from art making to criticism, while questioning what is considered within the realm of study and criticism in art education, and it ultimately asks for a broader definition of  who can be considered artistic or visual producers.

One of the biggest differences between DBAE and VCAE is that VCAE seeks to expand the field of study by pushing beyond traditional notions of the “fine” (“fine art” or “fine craft”) to include a larger realm of cultural production. Freedman and Stuhr (2004) define visual culture as “the totality of humanly designed images and artifacts that shape our existence.” (p. 816) Thus, in a comprehensive VCAE curriculum a masterpiece by Rembrandt might be studied side by side with a McDonald’s french fry container. In VCAE, notions of “high” and “low” culture are deliberately being rethought along with how these distinctions convey cultural capital and disseminate power. Ideally, the notion of an expanded field of art maintains that all human cultural production could and should be studied and that (good) design, whether consumed by the elite or the masses, contains not only the elements and principles of design, but also, cultural content worthy of study. What the study of VCAE provides is a criticality regarding the systems of production and how the visual creates meaning and covers or uncovers systems of power. Thus, the study of VCAE is often credited with increased emphasis on aesthetics and criticism.

Some criticize VCAE for this displacement of artmaking in an already discursive (verbal) school day (Duncum 2002). However, proponents of VCAE claim that an expanded study of cultural production better prepares students to deal with an expanded notion of knowledge one that Duncum (2015) refers to as “having no center”. While others state that VCAE prepares students to explore social justice issues pertinent to 21st learning, (Ballengee Morris, 2002a; 2002b; Ballenge-Morris & Stuhr, 2001; Delacruz, 2003; & Freedman, 1994 ) Duncum also asserts that VCAE mimics postmodern thinking and processes in which hundreds of connections are made and remade. He says, “This… enables us to associate one idea with another, one image with another, an idea with an image, an image with a song, a song with a memory, a memory with a movie, a movie with a poem, and so on and on.” (p. 53) Students who engage with learning in this way are not only artists, but they are capable of thinking, rethinking, and creating new connections and making meaning.

For ideas and examples on how to adopt VCAE into your art classroom curriculum the following sites provide curricular examples or describe curricular possibilities, many of which prominently feature artmaking as well as criticism:

http://wackypacksvcae.blogspot.com/

http://www.thesmartteacher.com/discussion/post/88/Visual_Culture_Art_Education-_Elementary

http://www.artsandjustice.org/category/visual-culture/

For a short overview of VCAE see the following site, Visual Culture Art Education.

-HK

References

Ballengee-Morris, C. (2002a). Cultures for Sale: Perspectives on colonialism and self-determination and the relationship of authenticity and tourism. Studies in Art Education, 43(3), 232-245.

Ballengee-Morris, C. (2002b). Tourist souvenirs. Visual Arts Research, 28(2), 102-108.

Ballengee-Morris, C. & Stuhr, P. (2001). Multicultural art and visual cultural education

Duncum, P. (2002). Clarifying visual culture art education. Art Education 55(3), 6-11. in a changing world. Art Education, 54(4), 6-13.

Duncum, P. (2015). Transforming art education into visual culture education through rhizomatic structures.  Anadolu Journal of Educational Sciences International 5 (3).

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/294104151_Transforming_Art_Education_into_Visual_Culture_Education_Through_Rhizomatic_Structures

Delacruz, E. (2003). Racism American style and resistance to change: Art education’s role in the Indian mascot issue. Art Education, 56(3), 13-20.

Freedman, K. (1994). Interpreting gender and visual culture in art classrooms. Studies in Art Education, 35(3), 157-170.

Freedman, K. & Stuhr, P. (2004). Curriculum changes for the 21st century: Visual culture in art education. In E. Eisner & M. Day (Eds.), Handbook of research and policy in art education (pp. 815-828). Reston, VA: The National Art Education Association.

https://www.theartofed.com/content/uploads/2015/07/Curriculum-Change-21st-Century.pdf

 

Wednesday 11. 1.17

Elements and Principles and their Relationship to DBAE

From: Heather Kaplan

Last year after completing my dissertation, I swiftly packed up my life in Columbus, Ohio to begin a job as a Visiting Assistant Professor of Art Education at the University of Texas El Paso. Upon surveying the art educational landscape in El Paso I noticed a considerable curricular difference between the content taught in the art teacher preparation program (and inside the districts of El Paso) and what was being studied and theorized in the art education programs that I had attended in both the Midwest and the East coast. Specifically, art teacher preparation and student projects at the district level leaned heavily on curriculum that was driven by the study of artmaking as it pertained to the elements and principles of design. Listening to other new hires in states such as South Carolina, Virginia, and Michigan, I learned that my experience was not unique - that indeed, much of the curriculum being designed and taught, both at the university and district level, centered on the elements and principles of design.

While there is nothing wrong with teaching children the elements and principles of design per se, the elements and principles of design are only a small part of the world of art and art education (and the Texas Art Content Standards). More importantly a curriculum that focuses entirely on the elements and principles of design risks the larger picture of Art, Art education, and even of Discipline-Based Art Education. To be sure, Art, and well-designed communicative composition for that matter, is more than the sum of its parts. That said, it is my intention to use this blog to address other curricular models and to delineate how curricular theory has changed since the inception of DBAE. This post will address the elements and principles and their relationship to DBAE.

DBAE can trace its roots the 1960’s, when all subjects began to examine the basic structure of their disciplines. Even so DBAE didn’t really gain a foothold on art classroom curriculum until the Getty Center for Education in the Arts provided its endorsement and financial support (Eisner, 1990, p. 425).  While the elements and principles often go hand-in-hand with the study of Discipline Based Art Education, they are in fact not one and the same. Rather, Discipline-Based Art Education might better be described as the professionalization of the field of art education through an examination of what practitioners in the arts actually do. According to Eisner, “the four things that people do with art: they make it, they appreciate it, they understand it, they make judgments about it…are parallel to the disciplines of art production, art criticism, art history, and aesthetics.” (Brandt, 1987, p. 7). Thus we have the structure of professional activity mimicked in the four domains of discipline based art education: art making, art history, aesthetics, and criticism. These are the larger structures that constitute the study of a DBAE curriculum, not the mere study of the elements and principles of design. 

While the elements and principles of design can lend us a language with which to practice these four domains they themselves do not constitute a hearty study of discipline based art education (and for all those Texans out there they are only a small portion of the art content knowledge described in the art TEKS Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills). In fact the elements and principles of design are only one of many possible approaches to establishing a functional language with which to view, describe, understand, situate, and make art. For other possible languages see: Teaching the Elements of Realistic-Style Pictures by Paul Duncum, Postmodern Principles: In Search of a 21st Century Art Education by Olivia Gude, and Principles of Possibility: Considerations for a 21st Century Art and Culture Curriculum by Olivia Gude.

-HK

Eisner, E. (1990) Discipline-Based Art Education: Conceptions and misconceptions. Educational Theory, 40 (4), 423-430.

Gude, O. (2004). Postmodern principles: In search of a 21st century art education. Art Education, 57(1), 6-14.

Gude. O. (2007). Principles of possibility: Considerations for a 21st century art and culture curriculum. Art Education, 60(1), 6-17.

Duncum, P. (2013). Teaching the elements of realistic-style pictures. Art Education, 66(1) 46-51.

Brandt, R. (1987) On Discipline-Based Art Education: A conversation with Elliot Eisner. Educational Leadership 45(4), 6-9. 

Thursday 10.19.17

Ready for a Challenge? – How we find (make) our Pearls

From: Suzanne Goulet

Bored? 

Draw, write, go to that magical place in your imagination (day dream), are but some of the options if presented with a less-than-inspirational environment.

It is my belief that if you are bored, then you have missed an opportunity.

Maybe it is time to... ?

Bobbleheads

Connect with an Artist Educator – Open Your Studio Classroom

Loco Parentis.

Yes, your school law radar just went off. Working with an artist educator is like inviting the world adventuring aunt or uncle of your family. They are relations, but there is freshness and authenticity that enforces the purpose of our mission.

Tim Christensen is a Maine artist and ceramicist with experience with studio classrooms. Tim has facilitated individual and collaborative student creations. His most recent personal adventures involve illustrating a working trans-Pacific voyage on a cargo ship to Australia, and embracing the chaos of wood firing.

Tim

Who is the “voyageur” artist educator that comes to mind when you think of courage, and embraces the journey? What are the ways you foster perseverance?

Make a Commitment every week to Contemporary Art or Design

Share with students the art and design works of “today.” Authentic and real, these are great vehicles for students to get a bearing of where and what Art and Design is in the world.

Ai Weiwei’s NYC installations, new advertising campaigns (L.L. Bean’s, “Be an Outsider”), the illustration (and content) of the Ken Burn’s Vietnam documentary, and cosplay are avenues that can provide launching points for media literacy, introduction, and process.

This requires a component in your curriculum (and fluency) that accommodates the power of dynamics. Look for the connections. See the supporting pathways.

Engage with the NAEA National Convention in Seattle – An Oyster Shell

Nick Cave is our featured guest at the National Convention. An opportunity for connections to contemporary art and design, and an adventure in learning and sharing best practices with others.

NickCave

Challenge yourself to attend the National Convention – to make pearls with the wisdom of your peers.

Convention

Learn more about the 2018 NAEA National Convention here.

-SG

Wednesday 10.11.17

Trying to Make Sense of it all – Why We Need to Connect (and Play).

From: Suzanne Goulet

I had a plan.

… A plan for how this NAEA Monthly Mentor blog opportunity would create questions for us to ponder our choices in the classroom. How ideas and discoveries that we share can propel our mission through the month of October.

Then the Route 91 Harvest Music Festival mass shooting shocked and bewildered us... and continues to do so.

The plan changed… in purpose

Colors

We are Stronger Together – We move Forward

The direction has not changed. What is different is the journey. Same path… but now altered. We try to work the logic. (Logic? Really?) We remember the names, and the faces. We connect.

Mary Dunn, a dear 5th grade colleague at the Hall School in Waterville, Maine, teaches us all with a lesson in empathy and getting-to-it-ness. How we can, we must, make these events in to lessons that we learn from, to reflect on - to feel for our students, to help them to grow, for our mission to thrive.

The forwarding of an article, and the posing of a question made us stronger, because of a shared experience. Mary got us to think about how we can work together to help our students… our community.

(the article that Mary shared... an argument for play… among other points)

Our journey forever changed.

Together1

The Mountains you have Moved – How, Why and with Whom?

What is something that you have come together with colleagues to forward/defend/change?

Consider the crystallizing moment that inspired you to action?

Who is your most cherished/surprising education ally/advocate?

You are a reflective educator, understanding of complex processes engaged on the journey to understanding and discovery, for your students, you, and your community.

You are connected.

Together2

-SG

Monday 10. 2.17

Plan for Success, Prepare for Greatness, and Leave Room for Play.

From: Suzanne Goulet

This summer I knew I was doing two things: be in the presence of the world’s tallest tree and stand in the path of totality for the Great American Eclipse.

These magnificent and amazing events did occur, but what also made up the summer of 2017, and how they happen are integral to my professional practice.

Planning and preparing

Locating Hyperion (tree), watching weather, knowing the path, and some late pre-eclipse evening magic made experiencing and sharing totality an amazing event in Hillsboro, Missouri.           

Eclipse

Research pays great dividends for accomplishing goals.

We have goals for our students. We know where we want to help guide them. Utilizing research and learning best practices is an ongoing part of this preparation.

A number of years ago I committed (plan and prepare) to making an annual donation to the National Art Education Foundation (NAEF) to support this research and the funding of innovation. Please consider this mindful and significant practice when renewing your professional membership.     

Naef

Play is powerful

The journey always starts in upper-right-hand corner, USA (Maine). The 2017 adventure started with dynamic, relevant, and engaging art education professional development and art making with Team East (Eastern Region) colleagues. Hosted by Maryland AEA and AE District of Columbia, this was a creative start. Regional Leadership Conferences are always unique in delivery and content – make a plan to play together.   

TeamEast

Travel is by vehicle (SAV – Sanity Assault Vehicle), Hyperion is in northern California, so I headed west on I-70

Education takes a lot of energy. Effective practice takes a lot of planning and research. Play allows for benefits of what we did not plan/anticipate to occur. Celebrate this for yourself, and your students.

The Flight 93 Memorial, star engulfed soaks in hot springs with wild burros, beholding feeding Humpback whales from the Golden Gate, celebrating gatherings with family and friends, re-discovering forgotten NV boomtowns, and taking in the Center for Sonic Arts (check it out) played in to the days of summer.

Doing more research on Sonic Arts…and innovative ways to incorporate visual art, media and design…with my students.

To see and hear The Tank.

The play continues...

The Tank

-SG

Wednesday 09.27.17

Cross-Grade Level Collaborations

From: Kristin Vanderlip Taylor

Teaching art in a K-8 school provides me with rich opportunities for cross-grade level collaborations. I try to build in at least one occasion per year for my middle school students to work on a project with the primary students in Kindergarten, first, and second grades. Sometimes it’s a one-visit collaboration, like our Earth Day earthworks in the Kindergarten yard, in which the Kindergarten teachers first shared Andy Goldsworthy’s work with their students in a PowerPoint presentation and my middle school students watched Rivers and Tides, his documentary, to learn about how and why he makes the work he does. After understanding the parameters of using available natural materials in their own environment, my middle school art students teamed up with a few Kindergarten students in each group to build their own earthworks on the play yard in honor of Earth Day. To ensure that the lesson doesn’t become dominated by either group, all students are first taught how to communicate effectively in order to truly collaborate and combine ideas when working with others. I document each earthwork and photograph the students who collaborated to make it before they return the materials to their natural homes.

Earth day spiral collaboration
Earth Day Spiral Collaboration

Earth day spiral collaboration
Earth Day Collaboration

Earth day spiral collaboration<
Earth Day Earthwork

Earth day spiral collaboration
Earth Day Collaboration

Earth day spiral collaboration
Earth Day Collaboration

On other occasions, collaboration between grade levels becomes a multi-visit project, like the year my first grade students illustrated toy designs and middle school students brought them to life as three-dimensional forms. I was inspired by art educator Cynthia Gaub’s presentation at the 2015 NAEA convention on multi-age toy collaborations and decided to try something similar with my students. During a unit focusing on art that we use, first graders examined toys from long ago and compared them with their own toys today. They then illustrated a new toy they would like to have, including both the front and back views (turnarounds). They had to be specific in the details - colors, materials (soft and sewn, or sturdy and sculpted?), and size. Middle school art students selected one or two toys to construct, then met with their first grade design partners to ask any clarifying questions before beginning. Because we had more first grade art students than middle school art students, some worked collaboratively to complete more than one toy. Students had access to a wide variety of materials to fulfill their “client’s” instructions - fabric for sewing and stuffing, clay, Model Magic, recycled materials, paper mache, and much more, though some of it came from donations or secondhand shops to avoid high costs. During the several-week construction process, the first grade students could see their designs in progress as they visited the art room for instruction. At open house, the toys were debuted alongside the original illustrations. Parents were ecstatic - more than one Kindergarten parent wanted to be reassured that we would do something similar the following year so their child could participate! The day after open house, first grade students visited their buddies to receive their new one-of-a-kind toys. I was thrilled to see how proud my middle school students were and how honored they felt when their first grade partners were over the moon about their final designs.

Toys on table
Toy Planning with Buddy

Toys on table
Toy Planning with Buddies

Toys on table
Stuffed Dragon Collaboration

Toys on table
Stuffed Animal Collaboration

Toys on table
Toys on Table

Toys on table
Toy Reveal

Toys on table
Toy Reveal

Last year, second grade and middle school collaborated on zines, and this year I’m working through a few different plans for more cross-grade level collaboration. Possible options up for consideration include narrative exchanges back and forth several times, or task parties, based on Oliver Herring’s open-ended generative and playful work. If anyone else has been implementing cross-grade level collaborations, I’d love to hear your ideas!

-KVT

Monday 09.18.17

Finding Relevant Professional Learning Opportunities

From: Kristin Vanderlip Taylor

It’s been well noted that art educators often find themselves at a loss for meaningful, relevant professional learning (PL) opportunities, especially within their schools and districts (Battersby & Verdi, 2015; Berwager, 2013; Conway, Hibbard, Albert, & Hourigan, 2005; Gates, 2010; Milbrandt, 2006; Sabol, 2006). Many times, we have to look for outside sources like conferences, museum workshops, or state professional organizations to fulfill our desire for collaboration and communication with like-minded colleagues, especially for those of us who are the only art teacher in our school. Experiencing this firsthand, my friend Jeanne Hoel, who is the assistant director of education, school, and teacher programs at the Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA), and I decided to partner to bring visual art educators from all over Los Angeles county together to collaborate and learn from and with each other. Excited by the idea, we initiated what is now a yearly event each fall called Think, Sync, & Drink at the museum as a way to get visual art teachers dialoguing, sharing their plans for professional learning for the year, and collaborating across schools and districts.

Because we had such positive responses to our first two events, Jeanne and I thought about how we might be able to cultivate ongoing collaborations throughout the year that might engage and inspire visual art teachers to further reimagine their own professional learning. After surveying event attendees regarding their PL needs and interests, we decided to form a smaller community of practice (CoP), which Wenger, McDermott, and Snyder (2002) define as “groups of people who share a concern, a set of problems, or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise in this area by interacting on an ongoing basis” (p.4). Attendees from Think, Sync, & Drink were invited to join the CoP, which is centered around the idea of identifying and exploring individual PL pathways or designing visual art PL opportunities to facilitate for others.

Our CoP, now in its third year, has grown a bit each year with a number of members returning and newcomers joining. The partnership with MOCA, facilitated by Jeanne, has been an invaluable resource for meeting space, opportunities for engagement with the museum exhibitions, critical thinking about art education in the 21st century, and legitimacy in supporting PL that is designed and facilitated for teachers, by teachers. The CoP has provided members with meaningful and relevant PL that is ongoing and content-specific and values the contributions of each participant. Our hope is that this CoP may serve as a model for schools and districts that are struggling to meet the needs of their art teachers, or for museums to partner with visual art educators to develop other CoP to further support the ongoing collaborative professional learning we so need and desire.

If you live or teach in or around Los Angeles and are interested in attending the next Think, Sync, and Drink event at MOCA on Thursday, October 28, you may RSVP here. To find out more about the CoP, email Jeanne or Kristin.

-KVT


Battersby, S.L. and Verdi, B. (2015). The Culture of Professional Learning Communities and Connections to Improve Teacher Efficacy and Support Student Learning, Arts Education Policy Review, 116:1, 22-29, DOI: 10.1080/10632913.2015.970096

Berwager, K. C. (2013). Straddling the borderlands of art education discourse: Professional teacher identity development of preservice and novice art education teachers (Order No. 3562399). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1399574904).

Conway, C.M., Hibbard, S., Albert, D., and Hourigan, R. (2005). Professional Development for Arts Teachers, Arts Education Policy Review, 107(1), 3-10, DOI: 10.3200/AEPR.107.1.3-10

Gates, L. (2010). Professional development through collaborative inquiry for an art education  archipelago, National Art Education Association Studies in Art Education: A Journal of issues and Research, 52(1), 6-17.

Milbrandt, M.K. (2006). A Collaborative Model for Art Education Teacher Preparation, Arts Education Policy Review, 107(5), 13-21, DOI: 10.3200/AEPR.107.5.13-21

Sabol, F.R. (2006).  Professional Development in Art Education:  A Study of Needs, Issues, and Concerns of Art Educators. Reston, VA: National Art Education Association.  

Wenger, E., McDermott, R. A., & Snyder, W. (2002). Cultivating communities of practice: A guide to managing knowledge. Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press.

Wednesday 09.13.17

Feedback and reflection: starting right away

From: Kristin Vanderlip Taylor

Even though the school year is just a few weeks in, I knew that one of the most important things my students needed to practice right away was giving and receiving meaningful feedback. I am using the Studio Habits of Mind (SHoM) to guide my planning, instruction, and assessment, and “reflect” is one habit I know will be an integral part of everything we do. Because I have both middle school general art and advanced art classes mixed together, with sixth, seventh, and eighth grades combined, everyone is working at different levels and has had different experiences in art. Reflection is something they can all do successfully no matter their prior knowledge.

We discussed the differences between self-reflection, peer reflection, and my (teacher) reflection on student work. Each valuable in its own way, when used formatively these types of reflection can help students move forward in making choices about or revisions to their works in progress. The questions, however, must be specific and detailed; asking a “yes/no” question won’t provide the rich insight students may be looking for, and questions pertaining to whether someone likes their work or not aren’t necessarily informative either. I’ve posted a variety of sample questions students may use (such as “What suggestions do you have for… ?” or “How might I improve… or communicate … more clearly?”), or they may develop their own. Summative reflections, such as artist statements, may also help students better understand and evaluate their artistic process at the completion of a project. Even though the work is considered finished at that point, they may decide later to revisit it, or their reflection may help them discover new pathways for their next project.

While my middle school students get to practice giving and receiving feedback almost daily, it’s a bit slower going with my younger students, as I only see them once a week for 12 weeks. However, they are gradually beginning to integrate feedback into their discussions in art class and are no longer asking me if they are finished or if their work is good - a positive move in the direction of student ownership!

-KVT

Monday 09.11.17

Getting to know who’s in your art room

From: Kristin Vanderlip Taylor

The first weeks of school are always so hectic. Everyone just wants to start making art - including me! But part of starting the year off right means getting to know who’s in the art room. Whether I’m working with young students or university adults, establishing time to learn about each other is one of the most important things I’ve learned. Everyone has something going on - something good to share, something that’s bothering them, something they want to ask.

With younger students, we spend twenty minutes of our first class together checking in and catching up. Everyone gets a chance to share something on their minds. In middle school and in college, my students complete surveys with questions helping me get to know them better - about their interests, their families, responsibilities outside of school, access to technology/art media. This year, I hand wrote notes in response to each middle school students’ survey so they knew how valuable their thoughts are to me. For my university students, the surveys help me understand the other demands they are juggling, which reminds me to be cognizant and respectful of their time. It also gives them an opportunity to share things that are important to them that I otherwise might not know – some are reluctant to speak up in class because of language barriers, some have had negative art experiences before, and others just want to connect more personally, which is always welcomed!

Sharing information is definitely a two-way street; our students are just as curious about us as we are them. I try to make my teaching environments as welcoming as possible by letting my students know that they can ask me anything; if they’re too shy, they can write notes and I’ll write back. I may not answer EVERYTHING (why do middle school kids always want to know our age?!?), but I try to be as encouraging as possible so they get to know me well, too.

Sometimes students share information that they might not have, had we not worked on relationship-building from the start. I’ve learned who’s shy, who misses loved ones, who has family issues that may interfere with their work. I’ve also learned when to provide support and advice to students, as well as knowing when to ease up on assignments because things are just too busy. I know we are all eager to get going, but this small act can make all the difference in how the rest of your year turns out!

-KVT